2019 Ohio Education
by the Numbers

2018 Ohio Education by the Numbers - Photo of student at chalkboard

The Thomas B. Fordham Institute is pleased to present Ohio Education By The Numbers. This website provides an impartial, fact-based overview of K-12 education in the Buckeye State. We hope these data will help to inform conversations about improving education throughout the state. If you have ideas on how this could be improved and made more useful to you, write to us at ohiogadfly@edexcellence.net.

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Student
Enrollment
Student Enrollment - Photo of students in classroom setting

OHIO PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS Ohio has nearly 1.7 million public school students of varying backgrounds and characteristics.

Ohio student characteristics table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Public school enrollment statistics (for this table and the following ones) include charter school students, but do not include voucher students, pupils attending non-public schools, or home schooled students.

PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT BY GRADE LEVEL Ohio has approximately 125,000 public school students per grade level.

Ohio students grade level table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18).

Ohio students public school enrollment by race or ethnicity chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2017-18). The chart displays the spring part of the school year, a convention used in this guide. Note: The percentages refer to the percent change from 2006 to 2018.

PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT TRENDS Since 2005-06, public school enrollment has increased among Hispanic, multiracial, and Asian/Pacific Islander students; enrollment has declined slightly for American Indian/Alaskan Native students.

Ohio students public school enrollment trend by selected characteristics chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2017-18). Note: The percentages refer to the percent changes from 2006 to 2018.

PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT TREND BY SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS Since 2005-06, English language learner enrollment has increased; students with disabilities has remained largely flat, and pupils identified as gifted has declined.

Ohio students public school enrollment by selected characteristics chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2017-18). Note: In 2018, gifted enrollment was 246,949 and students with disabilities was 252,330. The percentages refer to the percent changes from 2006 to 2018.

LOW INCOME STUDENTS The percentage of economically disadvantaged (ED) students has increased significantly since 2005-06; however, the percentage of children under age eighteen living in poverty has not increased at the same rate.

Ohio Students poverty and economic disadvantage chart

Sources: Economically disadvantaged (ED) data are from Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2017-18); childhood poverty data are from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count Data Center and based on U.S. Census poverty estimates (no data are available for 2018). Notes: Students are generally identified as ED via federal meal programs, open to pupils from households with incomes at or below 185% of federal poverty. Through a recently enacted program known as the Community Eligibility Provision, a certain number of students are deemed ED even though they come from households above 185% poverty. In contrast, children in poverty are from households at or below 100% federal poverty; they also include some non-school-aged children.

CHILDREN IN POVERTY Roughly one in five Ohio children lives in households at or below the federal poverty line. Ohio’s childhood poverty rate is slightly higher than the national average; the trend over time generally tracks with the national average.

Ohio students at or below poverty compared to national students at or below poverty

Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count Data Center. Note: These figures display poverty estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau for children under 18 living in households at or below 100% federal poverty level.

OHIO SCHOOL DISTRICTS AND TYPOLOGIES For analytic purposes, ODE categorizes districts into “typologies” based on their geographic and socio-economic characteristics. This publication displays various statistics by district typology to illustrate different patterns of pupil enrollment and achievement across the state.

Ohio student school districts and typologies map

Source: Ohio Department of Education, School District Typology.

PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS BY TYPOLOGY 62 percent of Ohio students reside in urban and suburban communities; 15 percent live in rural areas and another 21 percent live in small towns.

Ohio students public school by typology table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18) and District Typologies. Note: Public charter schools and their students are assigned to the typology of the district in which the school is located. E-schools are not included in a typology, since they enroll students from all areas of the state. Seven independent public STEM schools are included in the enrollment counts but not in the district or charter counts. Two small “island” districts are not included nor is one district that crosses the Ohio-Indiana border.

PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS IN URBAN AREAS Students living in urban areas come from a mix of racial and ethnic backgrounds, and more than eight in ten are identified as economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in urban areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the urban typologies (i.e., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty).

PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SUBURBAN AREAS Students from suburban areas are majority white, with modest racial and ethnic diversity. One in four suburban students are economically disadvantaged, the lowest percentage across Ohio’s typologies.

Ohio students characteristics in suburban areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the suburban typologies (i.e., suburban: very low poverty and suburban: low poverty).

PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SMALL TOWN AREAS The large majority of students from small towns are white and nearly half are economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in small town areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the small town typologies (i.e., small town: high poverty and small town: low poverty).

PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RURAL AREAS Students from rural areas are almost all white and just under half are identified as economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in rural areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the rural typologies (i.e., rural: average poverty and rural: high poverty).

OHIO’S TWENTY-FIVE LARGEST DISTRICTS BY ENROLLMENT (2017-18)

Ohio's twenty-five largest school districts by enrollment 2017 - 2018

Note: Ohio Virtual Academy, a statewide e-school, is considered as equivalent to a school district. This table does not include charter students as part of the district’s student population. Year-to-year changes of less than +/- 1 percent are considered to have had no substantive change in enrollment (marked as “--”).

School
Options
School Options - Photo students in classroom

PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS Ohio has about 350 charter schools—also known as “community schools”— serving roughly 105,000 students. Enrollment has increased over time, though declined in recent years.

Ohio School Options public charter schools table and chart

Sources: The 2017-18 statistics reported in the table come from Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports and Directory of Community Schools. The historical data come from Ohio Department of Education, Community School Annual Report: 2015-16 (SY 1998-99 to 2006-07); Community School Annual Report: 2016-17 (SY 2007-08 to 2016-17); and Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18).

CHARACTERISTICS OF CHARTER STUDENTS More than 80 percent of charter students are economically disadvantaged, and a majority are black or Hispanic. More than 90 percent of students enrolled in brick-and-mortar charters attend school in an urban area.

Ohio schools characteristics of charter students table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: All statistics in this table, except for the district typology data, include online charter schools. Online charters draw students from all areas of the state, so they are not assigned to district typologies.

INTERDISTRICT OPEN ENROLLMENT Four in five Ohio districts participate in interdistrict open enrollment. Just over 80,000 students open enroll, with increasing participation over time.

Ohio school options interdistrict open enrollment chart

Source: Two sources were used for this chart, based on the availability of data. For SY 2002-03 to 2012-13, data from the Ohio Auditor of State, Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Open Enrollment is used (citing ODE data). For SY 2012-13 to 2017-18, enrollment counts from school funding reports are used; see, Ohio Department of Education, Traditional Public Schools Funding. The discrepancy in the data for 2012-13 may be due to differences in methods of estimating enrollment. For a listing of districts that allow open enrollment, see Ohio Department of Education, Open Enrollment.

PRIVATE SCHOOL SCHOLARSHIPS Nearly 50,000 students use scholarships (aka vouchers) to attend non-public schools. Student participation has increased over time.

Ohio prive school scholarships table and chart

Sources: Historical data are from American Federation for Children, School Choice Yearbook (2016-17); SY 2017-18 data are preliminary numbers. Note: The chart displays the total number of students using the various scholarship programs. For more information on each scholarship program, see Ohio Department of Education, Scholarships.

NON-PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND HOMESCHOOLING Approximately 200,000 students in Ohio attend non-public schools or participate in home schooling.

Ohio non-public schools and homeschooling table

Sources: Data on chartered non-public schools are for SY 2017-18 and from the Ohio Department of Education, Enrollment Data: Fall Enrollment (ADM)-October 2017 Non-Public Buildings. Data on non-chartered, non-tax-supported schools are for SY 2017-18 and from the Ohio Department of Education, Non-Chartered Non-Tax School Information. Data on homeschooling are for SY 2016-17 and from Ohio Department of Education, Facts and Figures: Ohio’s Education Landscape. Note: Chartered non-public schools should not be confused with public charter schools (also known as “community schools”).

Student Achievement:
National Exams
Student Achievement National Exams - Photo of teacher and students in classroom setting

NATIONAL EXAMS: NAEP 2017 Approximately two in five Ohio students reach the national standard for proficiency, just above the national average.

Ohio student achievement national exams NAEP 2017 chart

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), considered the “Nation’s Report Card,” is administered to a representative sample of students in each state every two years. The exams are given in fourth and eighth grade, reading and math. NAEP allows for cross-state comparisons which are not usually possible with state-administered exams.

OHIO COMPARED TO OTHER STATES Nationally, Ohio ranks between 11th and 20th in fourth and eighth grade math and reading. Ohio’s national position has typically been between 10th and 20th for the past decade.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to other states table

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: The table displays Ohio’s rank on NAEP scores among all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense schools (52 jurisdictions in all).

NATIONAL EXAMS: HOW OHIO COMPARES TO NEARBY STATES When compared to nearby states, Ohio ranks 4th out of 10 in fourth grade reading proficiency and 6th in fourth grade math proficiency.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states fourth grade reading/math charts

Source: 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer.

NATIONAL EXAMS: HOW OHIO COMPARES TO NEARBY STATES When compared to nearby states, Ohio ranks 5th out of 10 in eighth grade reading proficiency and 2nd in eighth grade math proficiency.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states eighth grade reading/math charts

Source: 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer.

OHIO’S NAEP SCORES OVER TIME: FOURTH GRADE In line with the national trend, Ohio’s fourth grade NAEP results have slightly increased over the past decade.

Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time fourth grade reading/math charts

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: The NAEP trend charts display scaled scores. Scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference.

OHIO’S NAEP SCORES OVER TIME: EIGHTH GRADE In line with the national trend, Ohio’s eighth grade NAEP results have slightly increased over the past decade.

Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time eighth grade reading/math charts

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: The NAEP trend charts display scaled scores. Scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference.

NATIONAL EXAMS: ACHIEVEMENT BY RACE/ETHNICITY In fourth grade, Ohio’s white students achieve at slightly lower levels than national peers; Hispanic students at higher levels in reading and similar in math; black students at slightly lower levels.

Ohio 4th grade students NAEP by race/ethnicity chart

Source: 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: NAEP scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference. Smaller race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes.

NATIONAL EXAMS: ACHIEVEMENT BY RACE/ETHNICITY In eighth grade, Ohio’s white students achieve at slightly lower levels in reading and slightly higher in math than their national peers; Hispanic students at higher levels in both subjects; and black students at lower levels.

Ohio 8th grade students NAEP by race/ethnicity chart

Source: 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Data Explorer. Note: NAEP scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference. Smaller race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes.

Student Achievement:
State Exams
Student Achievement State Exams - Photo of students in classroom setting

STATEWIDE ACHIEVEMENT IN SELECTED GRADES AND SUBJECTS 66 and 72 percent of Ohio fourth grade students reach proficient or above in English language arts (ELA) and math, respectively. A greater percentage of students are deemed proficient under state standards than NAEP (compare with section National Exams: NAEP 2017).

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement fourth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Percentages may not add due to a small percentage of untested students and rounding. Reaching Ohio’s proficient level does not indicate students are meeting rigorous college- and career-ready benchmarks. ODE notes that reaching at least “the accelerated level of performance suggests that a student is on track for college and career readiness.”

STATEWIDE ACHIEVEMENT IN SELECTED GRADES AND SUBJECTS 54 percent of Ohio eighth grade students reach proficient or above in both English language arts (ELA) and math.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement eighth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Percentages may not add due to small percentages of untested students and rounding. Approximately 80% of eighth graders take the grade-level math assessment, while others take high school end-of-course math exams that better align with coursework. Reaching Ohio’s proficient level does not indicate students are meeting rigorous college- and career-ready benchmarks. ODE notes that reaching at least “the accelerated level of performance suggests that a student is on track for college and career readiness.”

STATEWIDE ACHIEVEMENT BY RACE OR ETHNIC SUBGROUP On average, black and Hispanic students achieve at lower levels than their white peers on fourth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement by racial or ethnic subgroup fourth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Other race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes. Asian/Pacific Islander students achieve, on average, at higher levels than white students; multi-racial students achieve at levels between white and Hispanic students.

STATEWIDE ACHIEVEMENT BY RACE OR ETHNIC SUBGROUP On average, black and Hispanic students achieve at lower levels than their white peers on eighth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement by racial or ethnic subgroup eighth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Other race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes. Asian/Pacific Islander students achieve, on average, at higher levels than white students; multi-racial students achieve at levels between white and Hispanic students.

STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT BY ECONOMIC DISADVANTAGE On average, economically disadvantaged students achieve at lower levels than their peers on fourth and eighth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement by economic disadvantage fourth and eighth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: For more on the identification of economically disadvantaged students, see section Low Income Students.

ACHIEVEMENT GAPS VERSUS PRIOR YEARS Achievement gaps in fourth grade have slightly narrowed relative to 2015-16. In eighth grade, the black-white and low-high income achievement gaps have slightly widened relative to 2015-16, while Hispanic-white gaps have slightly widened in ELA but narrowed in math.

Ohio student achievement gaps versus prior years chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2015-16 to 2017-18). Note: This table displays the difference in proficiency rates between, e.g., black and white students. “Low-high income gap” refers to the difference in proficiency rates between economically disadvantaged students and those who are not identified.

STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT BY DISTRICT TYPOLOGY Fourth grade proficiency rates are highest in Ohio’s suburban areas and lowest in urban areas.

Ohio student achievement by district typology fourth grade ELA and Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: These charts combine data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students tested in each district, charter, or STEM school.

STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT BY DISTRICT TYPOLOGY Eighth grade proficiency rates are highest in Ohio’s suburban areas and lowest in urban areas.

Ohio student achievement by district typology eighth grade ELA and Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: These charts combine data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students tested in each district, charter, or STEM school.

PROFICIENCY TRENDS IN FOURTH AND EIGHTH GRADE Proficiency rates on state exams have generally trended upward in fourth and eighth grade ELA and math.

Ohio students proficiency trends in fourth and eighth grade ELA and Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2017-18). Note: After transitioning state exams, Ohio has administered the same assessments in the years displayed above.

STUDENT PROFICIENCY TRENDS ON SELECTED HIGH SCHOOL EXAMS Statewide student proficiency rates have increased on state end-of-course (EOC) English exams; trends in math EOCs are mixed.

Ohio students proficiency trends high school English and Math (Algebra/Geometry) chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2017-18). Note: These proficiency rates do not include the results of students retaking an end-of-course exam. The vast majority of students take Algebra I and Geometry exams, with about one in ten taking the state’s Integrated Math I and II exams instead.

PROFICIENCY ON ALL STATE EXAMS Roughly 50 to 70 percent of Ohio students reach proficiency or above on the various state exams. In general, proficiency rates on state exams have risen over the past three years.

Ohio student proficiency on all exams math and english grade 3 through 8 and high school table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2017-18). Note: EOC proficiency rates do not include the results of students retaking an exam. The vast majority of students take Algebra I and Geometry EOCs, with about one in ten taking the state’s Integrated Math I and II exams instead.

Post-Secondary Readiness
and Outcomes
College Readiness - Photo of ohio students in school setting

ACT SCORES OVER TIME Ohio’s average ACT composite score is below the national average. The drop in the state’s ACT score with the graduating class of 2018 occurred as Ohio began to require all juniors to take a college admissions exam.

Ohio students college readiness ACT scores over time chart

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2018: Ohio Key Findings: for historical data, see, e.g., ACT, Graduation Class of 2014—Ohio. Note: This chart displays the average ACT composite score across the four tested subjects (English, math, reading, and science) for the graduating classes of 2005 to 2018. Practically all students in the class of 2018 took the ACT exams, while about two in three had done so in previous years. Composite scores are reported on a scale of 0 to 36. To put ACT scores in context, admitted freshman at The Ohio State University typically score between 28 and 32.

AVERAGE ACT SCORES BY RACE/ETHNICITY Gaps in average ACT scores exist between race/ethnic groups; disparities have not narrowed significantly over the past decade.

Ohio students college readiness average ACT scores by race/ethnicity chart

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2018: Ohio Key Findings: for historical data, see, e.g., ACT, Graduation Class of 2014—Ohio. Note: ACT reports data for several smaller race/ethnic subgroups but they are omitted from this chart for display purposes.

ACT EXAM: COLLEGE READINESS OF THE CLASS OF 2018 College readiness varies by ACT content area—from 35 percent in science to 55 percent in English. Just 25 percent of Ohio students reach college ready benchmarks in all four areas of the ACT.

Ohio students college readiness class of 2018

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2018: Ohio Key Findings. Note: ACT establishes minimum test scores in each subject that indicate readiness for college coursework in that area. For more on the college-ready benchmarks and how they are set, see ACT, What are the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks?

INDUSTRY CREDENTIALS EARNED Just 4 percent of Ohio students earn industry-recognized credentials before graduating. Students from rural schools have the highest rates of credentials earned (7 percent), while those from suburban schools have the lowest (3 percent).

Ohio students industry credentials earned before graduation by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2017-18). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning 12 or more points in Ohio’s industry credentialing system; for more, see ODE, Industry Recognized Credentials. Data are from the classes of 2016 and 2017, including non-graduates. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) SCORES 13 percent of Ohio students graduate having earned a passing score on an AP exam. 30 percent of students from suburban schools earn a passing AP score, while only 3 percent of rural students do so.

Ohio students college readiness college remediation rates by math typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2017-18). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning a score of at least 3 out of 5 possible points on one or more AP exams. Data are from the classes of 2016 and 2017, including non-graduates. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

DUAL ENROLLMENT CREDITS EARNED One in five Ohio students earn college credit through dual enrollment programs. Rural students have the highest rate of dual enrollment credits earned (25 percent), while urban students have the lowest (16 percent).

Ohio students dual enrollment college credits earned chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2017-18). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning 3 or more college credits through a dual high school/college enrollment program. Data are from the classes of 2016 and 2017, including non-graduates. For more on Ohio’s dual-enrollment program, see ODE, College Credit Plus. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

FOUR-YEAR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES 84 percent of Ohio students graduate high school in four years. Graduation rates top 90 percent in much of the state, with lower rates in urban schools (72 percent).

Ohio students four year high school graduation rates chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2017-18). Note: The graduation rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students in the class of 2017 who earned a high-school diploma within four years of entering ninth grade. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2017 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

COLLEGE REMEDIATION RATES 27 percent of incoming college students require remedial coursework in either English or math. Remediation rates are highest among graduates of Ohio’s urban schools (43 percent) and lowest among graduates of suburban schools (21 percent).

Ohio students college remediation rates by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Higher Education, High School to College Transition Reports: 2017 High School Graduates. Note: Data are for public school students from the graduating class of 2017 who enrolled in an Ohio two or four year public college or university in fall 2017. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of college-going students in the class of 2017 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

COLLEGE REMEDIATION RATES BY SUBJECT Remediation rates are higher in math (24 percent statewide) than in English (12 percent). Graduates of urban schools have higher remediation rates in both subjects than their peers.

Ohio students college remediation rates by subject chart

Source: Ohio Department of Higher Education, High School to College Transition Reports: 2017 High School Graduates. Note: Data are for public school students from the graduating class of 2017 who enrolled in an Ohio two or four year public college or university in fall 2017. The typology averages are weighted by the number of college-going students in the class of 2017 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

COLLEGE ENROLLMENT RATES Roughly three in five Ohio students enroll in two or four year colleges or universities after high school. Enrollment is highest among students from suburban schools (73 percent) and lower among those from other areas.

Ohio students college enrollment rates

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data. Note: The chart displays the percent of the high school graduating class of 2015 (including non-graduates) that enrolled in a two- or four-year college or university within two years of high school. Post-secondary enrollment data are from the National Student Clearinghouse and include non-Ohio colleges; for more, see ODE, College Enrollment within Two Years. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2015 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

COLLEGE COMPLETION RATES 33 percent of Ohio students attain at least an Associate’s degree within six years of leaving high school. College completion rates are highest among students who attended high school in suburban areas (47 percent), with lower rates for those from urban communities (17 percent).

Ohio students college completion rates chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data. Note: Data display the percent of the high school class of 2011 (including non-graduates) who earned at least an Associate’s degree within six years of high school. Post-secondary enrollment data are from the National Student Clearinghouse and include non-Ohio colleges; for more, see ODE, College Graduation within Six Years. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2011 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Ohio’s
Educators
Ohio's Educators - Photo of teacher and students in classroom setting

PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS Ohio public schools employ just over 100,000 teachers, equivalent to roughly 16 students per teacher.

Ohio educators number of teachers and students per teacher chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2016-17). SY 2017-18 data are calculated based on total teacher counts across Ohio schools reported in ODE, Download Data. Note: The number of students per teacher is based on student enrollment counts reported on section Public School Enrollment Trends.

CHARACTERISTICS OF OHIO TEACHERS About three in four teachers are female, and an overwhelming majority are white. Almost all teachers hold a Bachelor’s Degree or higher.

Ohio educators characteristics of teachers table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2016-17). Note: Teacher demographics and comparable educational attainment data were not available for SY 2017-18 at the time of publication.

TEACHER SALARIES On average, public school teachers in Ohio earn just over $60,000 per year; teachers in suburban schools typically earn more than their peers in other areas.

Ohio educators teacher salaries chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2017-18; charter schools are not included in this figure, as charter data are not reported in the district profile reports.

ADMINISTRATOR SALARIES Ohio public schools employ approximately 12,000 administrators, including superintendents, treasurers, and principals. On average, administrators earn about $80,000 per year; administrators in suburban schools typically earn more than their counterparts in other areas.

Ohio educators school administrator salaries chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2017-18; charter schools are not included in this figure, as charter data are not reported in the district profile reports.

School
Funding
School Funding - Photo student in classroom

HOW OHIO FUNDS PUBLIC SCHOOLS Ohio schools receive approximately $20 billion per year, or about $14,000 per student. Most of the revenue is generated through local and state taxes.

Ohio school funding how Ohio funds public schools chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Amounts are shown as revenue per pupil. Other non-tax revenue includes sales of assets, fees, and investment income.

HOW SCHOOL FUNDS ARE SPENT Roughly 60 percent of education funding is spent on classroom instruction; the remainder helps to support administration, building operations, and other activities.

Ohio school funding - how funds are spent

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: Amounts are shown as expenditure per pupil. The ODE expenditure data used for this chart do not include capital expenditures (e.g., construction or interest on debt).

EXPENDITURES PER PUPIL On average, Ohio schools spend $11,953 per pupil in operational expenditures. Urban schools, on average, have the highest per pupil expenditures ($13,685), while small town districts spend the least per pupil ($10,648).

Ohio school expenditures per pupil typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (SY 2017-18). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology average per-pupil expenditures are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2017-18. Charter schools are not included in these data, except for conversion charters (i.e., schools created by districts). The ODE expenditure data used for this chart do not include capital expenditures (e.g., construction or interest on debt).

EXPENDITURE PER PUPIL COMPARED TO NEARBY STATES Ohio spends slightly more than the national average and more than several neighboring states, but spending in Ohio is below states such as Pennsylvania and Illinois.

Ohio schools expenditures per pupil compared to nearby states chart

Source: U.S.Department of Education (USDOE), Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2015-16 (Fiscal Year 2016), Table 5. Note: The chart displays operational expenditures per pupil (excluding capital expenses such as construction and interest on debt). The data are from 2015-16, the most recently published national statistics. Due to potential differences in reporting, USDOE and ODE funding data may not be the same.

PUBLIC SCHOOL REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES OVER TIME Statewide, inflation-adjusted revenue per student has ranged from about $11,000 to $14,000 per student; in real dollars, expenditures per pupil have remained largely flat over the past decade.

Ohio school revenues and expenditures over time chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2006 to 2018). Note: For FYs 2006 to 2017, statewide revenue and expenditures per pupil are inflation-adjusted to 2018 dollars, using the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator. The more recent discrepancies in revenues versus expenditures may be due to changes in reporting practices. National data also report higher revenues per pupil relative to expenditures from FYs 2014-16 for Ohio.

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